The Landlords

Landlords were mainly English and absentee. In 1838 Carradoogan was the property of Mr. Custis of Dublin,  Patrick Howley of Broadland, Killala & John Fair of Hollymount.

   The last landlord of Carradoogan was a Captain  J. N Nicholson. He also owned parts of Carrick and Byhalla. Carradoogan was purchased by the Land Commission in 1927 and distributed amongst the sitting tenants

   During “The Famine” some landlords moved to cut their losses by evicting thousands of peasants and later by even paying their tenants to emigrate. Greedy ship-owners often crowded hundreds of Irish on to ships unequal to the task of providing shelter to so many. It was estimated that up to one-third of the passengers of these “coffin ships” never made it to their new home alive. Of the one million immigrants who left Ireland during this time, most travelled to England or America. There are no records that any evictions by a landlord  took place in Carradoogan

Extract below from a 1911 debate in the British House of  Commons concerning Land purchase; Carradoogan was part of the Nicholson Estate. (Mr D Boyle was Daniel Boyle, Irish National MP for the constituency of North Mayo, sitting in the British House of Commons. Mr Birrell was the Chief Secretary for Ireland  and Liberal MP for the Constituency of Bristol North. He resigned as Chief Secretary in 1916 three days after the end of the Easter Rising.

Land Purchase (Ireland).
HC Deb 19 July 1911 vol 28 cc1246-8W
§ Mr. D. BOYLE
also asked what pro-progress has been made by the Congested Districts Board in the purchase of the Nicholson estate , Attymass, county Mayo; if he is aware that several attempts have been made by the tenants to induce the landowner(the landowner at this juncture was the Reverend Mr. Nicholson of London) to sell under the Act of 1909; that, following these offers from the tenants, the estate bailiff has visited them with threats of forcing payment of arrears; and that the holdings on this estate are of the poorest and most congested character, the rent for which is invariably earned in the English harvest fields?

The Congested Districts Board, having been informed that the owner was willing to negotiate for the sale of his estate through them, applied to the owner for the maps and other documents necessary for an inspection of the lands, but so far the documents have not been lodged. As regards the remainder of the question, the Board have no information except that contained in statements forwarded to them by or on behalf of the tenants.

Griffith’s Primary Valuation of Carradoogan

Griffith’s Primary Valuation took place throughout Ireland during the middle of the 19th Century and the valuation of Mayo was published between 1855 and 1857. It was a survey of land occupation to determine the amount of tax a landowner or occupier should pay towards the support of the Poor Law System.

The Full Name Index to the valuation gives Surname, Forename, Town or Townland, Parish and Poor Law Union of individuals named in the published valuation.